Research and Publications

Our research is focused on discovery and development of quality-of-life improving products and technologies in the fields of medical devices and food and beverages. This section contains publications and articles on or related to our research.


Functional water ‒ in promotion of health beneficial effects and prevention of disease

Benny Johansson

ABSTRACT

Functional water science has gained attention recently in response to its physiological functions, health-promoting effects and disease prevention, especially on oxidative-stressrelated diseases such as diabetes, cancer, arteriosclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases and side effects of hemodialysis. It has been proposed that in the case of naturally or electrochemically reduced water, the active agents are atomic or molecular hydrogen, mineral nanoparticles and mineral nanoparticle hydrides. Studies investigating functional qualities of functional mineral water or functional coherent mineral water in healthy humans suggest a capacity to maintain or restore physiological self-regulation to reduce variability accompanying a constant “steady state” condition, and/or propose the presence of fractal nonlinear mechanisms and long-range power-law correlations involved in physiological control and complex signaling networks to maintain homeostasis. The functional coherency of a mineral water aligns a nonlinear quantum coherent regime of physiological water as an important factor in the emergence of self-organization and self-consistency of the living organism, exclusively providing a mechanism for physiological nonlocality. Formation of a super-coherent biological plasma-like physiological water is considered one of the most important characteristics of a healthy physiological state. Supplementation with a dietary volume of functional deep ocean mineral water, as a primordial source of nutritional minerals and trace elements, shows consistent anti-atherogenic effects, inhibition of atherosclerosis progression, and improved recovery from exhaustive physical fatigue with elimination of post-exercise oxidative damage.

Keywords Keywords: Functional water, clinical studies, self-regulation, non-local effects
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Drinking functional coherent mineral water accompanies a strengthening of the very low frequency impact on heart rate variability, and mono and multifractal heart rhythm dynamics in healthy humans

Benny Johansson, Svetlana Sukhotskya

ABSTRACT

Background: Research on functional water has revealed its physiological functions and health-beneficial effects. Accordingly, this study explored the effects of drinking an average dietary volume of functional coherent mineral water (FCMW) on blood pressure, short-term cardiovascular variables, fractal heart rhythm dynamics, and salivary immunoglobulin A.

Methods: Fifteen healthy subjects were randomized in a pre-post crossover design, selected the morning after an overnight fast. Short-term electrocardiography (ECG) was measured before and after drinking either control mineral water (CMW) or FCMW on two separate occasions. Saliva was collected for four minutes before the start of each ECG measurement. Blood pressure was monitored in five-minute intervals for one hour.

Results: Drinking 100 ml of FCMW temporarily increased arterial blood pressure at 20 to 25 minutes in the 60 minutes post-drinking. Drinking CMW led to a significant reduction in the heart rate, while all-time domain and Power Spectral Density parameters (PSD) were unaffected. Consumption of FCMW resulted in a highly significant difference and decrease in heart rate, and an increase in NN interbeat intervals, and in two of the PSD parameters. A large increase in total power had a significant increasing effect on 2–3-minute oscillations of the very low frequency (VLF) power, indicating a specific change in the heartʼs intrinsic cardiac rhythm that is fundamental to health and well-being. An extension in mono and multifractal scaling of heart rate dynamics defines a healthy function and non-local adaptability, indicating a higher capacity to respond to unpredictable stimuli and stresses, a function which improves autonomic stability. The effect on the heart rate and VLF power suggest an efficient cellular metabolism and a stabilizing effect on mucosal immunoglobulin A.

Conclusions: Functional coherent mineral water with an apparent non-local electromagnetic identity triggered in healthy subjects a sustainable sympathetic response in cardiac VLF power, which is considered an intrinsic health-promoting rhythm produced by the heart itself that accompanies adaptive mono and multifractal heart rhythm dynamics.

Keywords: functional water, VLF-power, heart rate variability, fractal scaling, health improvement
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Allometric Scaling Behaviour – A Quantum Dissipative State Implies a Reduction in Thermal Infrared Emission and Fractal Ordering in Distilled Coherent Water

Johansson B*1, Sukhotskaya S1

Summary: According to classical theory, the impact of various hydrophilic surfaces on the contiguous aqueous phase extends from a few water-molecular layers to several hundreds of microns. Our studies support evidence that irradiation by low entropy sunlight expands the ordered water state comprising the entire bulk volume of liquid water, irrespective of a polar or nonpolar surface state. Thermal IR imaging as well as measurement of allometric scaling behaviour and redox-potential identified physically distinct concentric and condensed temperature gradient zones with long-term consistency, aligned as a structural coherence that implies a considerably decreased mobile water state. A strong power law relationship in the fractal scaling boundary revealed that fractal scaling geometry is part of water ordering and that thermal IR flickering relates on a long-range correlation between water molecules.
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Effects of Functional Water on Heart Rate, Heart Rate Variability, and Salivary Immunoglobulin A in Healthy Humans: A Pilot Study

Benny Johansson, Ph.D.

Objective: This study was designed to explore the effects of drinking an average dietary volume of functional water on blood pressure, short-term cardiovascular variables, and salivary immunoglobulin A.

Design: Subjects were studied in a randomized pre–post crossover design the morning after an overnight fast.

Subjects: Fifteen (15) healthy nonsmoking subjects, 8 males and 7 females, aged between 15 and 49 years, participated in the study.

Intervention: Short-term (10 minute) electrocardiography was measured in the participants before and after drinking either control mineral or functional water. The measurements were randomized, double blinded, and held two weeks apart. Saliva was collected for 4 minutes before the start of each electrocardiograph measurement. Blood pressure was monitored at 5 minute intervals for one hour as the mean of triplicate consecutive measurements.
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